How a panorama image is done - I'm not talking about some in camera or in phone apps. Those apps work on a different level, are less precise and less detailed and often cause some surprising effects like a stretched dog which was running through the shot.
A panorama image is basically a series of photos, taken in varying angles usually on a horizontal line. However, there are vertical panoramas too, for example to show the Milky-Way.
The easiest form is just one row of images, though my biggest panoramas consist from up to 5 rows, up to more than 100 single shots. It really depends on the lens you use and the final angle you want to achieve. More rows also increase the level of detail dramatically, as well as the final resolution of the image.
Ideally you will use a tripod with a panning head, so the start point of each photo and the vertical angle stays constant. More practiced photographers can do it handheld.
All camera settings should be manual and should be fixed, including focus. So you decide where your main subject will be and focus on this before you start shooting. Auto mode would change the light in each shot, gets you a bunch of brighter and darker images, resulting in an inconsistent overall lighting.
The single shots need to overlap each others by at least 30%, I prefer to overlap to about 60%. The larger overlap helps if one of the shots isn't right, out of focus etc, and it can just be ignored.
Personally I prefer a 24mm (wide angle) lens for such images (on a full frame camera). Most kitt lenses will be zoom lenses with a similar wide angle length depending on your camera.
Those photos will be loaded into a panoramic software which "stitches" them together (EG Photoshop). The software removes most distortions and adjusts the edges, lighting etc. In photo-film times this had to be done in the darkroom, by aligning the lenses of the projectors etc. However, everything you can do in Photoshop has its origin in a darkroom.
Once stitched, you will have to fine-tune the image, removing steps in the horizon (a very common issue), removing a bird half in one and not at all showing in the next frame, etc, as well as adjusting lighting, white balance and so fort - This has also been done in the darkroom, by using filters, different sorts of paper etc.
Here an example of a low light single row panorama, this one is of course available as a print:
And here an example of how it looked if "stitched manually", without a panorama software correcting distortions etc. In this version I simply overlayed the original photos, without changing the initial shots. You also see some doubled edges in buildings in this version, another result of distortion:
There were quite strong southerly winds on Wellington's South Coast on the 25th - meant for me, off to the rocks. Princess Bay to be precise, where I also shot the Seagull and shell, posted 2 days ago.
This time I used a smaller lens, 70-300 mm, so I had to get considerably closer to those waves and splashes. That's only a few meters distance.
Here some impressions, more to come from that morning - Enjoy!
The "Voyager of the Seas" in Wellington - It's been a while ago.
Wellington is, in fact, very bad for photographing ships in harbor. There is no place opposite the quays which one could use to get a good view at all. There is a path and some patches of land along the motorway, "sort of" accessible, but due to the angle you would have to venture along the motorway for quite some distance, and you would still get just a view on the stern of those ships.
Somes Island would be a good angle, in the middle of the harbor, but it's pretty distant and you can't just drive there when a ship is in and the weather is right.
I went to Massey Memorial, on Miramar Peninsula, and set up my biggest lens - 150-600 millimeter focal length. The distance to the ship is close to 4 kilometers. With this piece of gear I could actually zoom in to a level, where you can see actual people on the rail and behind the windows, I spotted one person who looked like taking a photo towards my direction.
This also means, the ship was too big, even on this distance, to fit into one zoomed frame. But wanting this level of detail, I decided to do a panorama, ended up with 9 shots and stitched them together.
Below you see the final image, and also 2 crop outs of some detail on 100% resolution - this level of detail would need a decent size of print btw.
Here some crops and a map of the available locations (the green arrow marks my angle and position). The first crop shows people behind those windows taking pictures themselves - not too bad for a 4 KM distance aye?
There's wind again, means I'm on the coast, catching views.
Today just some small stuff, the waves I got will be posted later!
Just having some fun, looking for interesting details and effects. I shot those a but North of Wellington.
Shot on another windy day on the Wellington South Coast - no, it's not always windy here.
This one seemed to be a stray, in a relatively calm sea around it... Calm for around 20 seconds...
On my way to a shooting, I found this beautiful house - It's sad to see such beautiful buildings falling down, and being eventually replaced by ugly modern buildings...
Available in my online shop now, click on the image to get straight there.
For sales within New Zealand, it might be more cost effective to order over me, so please contact me if you are interested in a print.